It underpins the creative potential rather than creativity (e.g., Runco & Acar, 2012), which relies on an open-ended mental process aimed at finding different solutions to open problems (e.g., alternative uses for a brick—Kaufman, Plucker, & Baer, 2008). This selective impairment was especially apparent in patients with lesions to right ventral (as opposed to dorsal) prefrontal cortex (PFC). When EEG data were analyzed along the lower (8–12 Hz) and upper (10–12 Hz) alpha frequencies, the results demonstrated that the generation of unusual uses in the context of the Alternate Uses Test is associated with greater alpha synchronization in lower and upper bands compared to a task in which subjects were instructed to think of typical characteristics of conventional everyday objects. A third possibility involves conflict resolution. O. Vartanian, in Encyclopedia of Creativity (Second Edition), 2011. … It ensures that you define and understand the problem first, discuss it and look at it from different perspectives, and not blindly jump into building a solution. However, some people are capable of coming up with multiple answers and ingenious ideas because they are good at what Edward de Bono calls “lateral thinking”. This represents a more extensive description of the processes contributing to creative thought than divergent thinking alone. One benefit of using performance as a criterion for creativity is that performance is ultimately the outcome of primary concern in real-world settings. Runco, in Encyclopedia of Creativity (Second Edition), 2011. I use Divergent Thinking techniques with Teams when using the Design Thinking Double Diamond process, specifically during the Define and Discover phases to generate creative ideas spontaneously and in a free-flowing, non-linear way. His Stanford prison experiment was only the beginning of…. Convergent thinking, on the other hand, requires one to restrict ideas to those that might be correct or the best solution to a problem. No one kind of thinking is better than another. For the next 35 years he attempted to prove exactly this. The convergence of neuropsychological and imaging results provides strong support for the role of right ventral lateral PFC in flexible strategy shifts in the context of Match Problems. Interestingly, when subjects were categorized based on the originality of uses generated in the context of the Alternate Uses Test, those with higher originality scores showed greater synchronization in the right than left hemisphere. Also called: ‘Thinking … The content in this publication is presented for informative purposes only. Furthermore, divergent thinking/doing is based on ideational fluency, but it also requires qualitative solutions that are mapped onto flexibility and originality. The participants were entrepreneurs who started different numbers of businesses. Zig where others zag. Maybe it's using … Psychologists who are experts in creativity say that people have different mental networks of association: We have all heard about how the right hemisphere of the brain is the creative side and the left is the logical side. Please subscribe to my channel: http://bit.ly/spencervideosImagine you have a problem you need to solve and you’re looking for innovative solutions. Substitute one element of that idea for another. These researchers found gains in divergent thinking on a variety of tasks including social problem-solving and planning. Divergent thinking should be the basis of the generation phase, while convergent thinking should be the basis of the exploration phase. Thus, access to different conceptual categories enables the activation of more original ideas. Divergent thinking/doing tests are scored in terms of fluency (number of ideas/motor solutions), flexibility (number of categories, mutually exclusive, encompassing ideas/motor solutions), and originality (uniqueness or infrequency of ideas, or overall evaluation of motor solutions by at least two independents judges). Visual and verbal divergent thinking can also be scored in terms of elaboration (numbers of details provided along with the ideas). All ideas are valid for idea stimulation in divergent thinking. This event can be…, Today, we'll travel back several hundred years to the Renaissance to learn about Sandro Botticelli, one of the most renowned…, You've probably experienced a sudden (or gradual) loss of appetite before. The key is to recognize which behavior you might need at any give point. Unlike convergent thinking, where the individual gives the one correct or conventional response (e.g., “Who won the 1988 World Series?”), divergent thinking leads the individual to numerous and varied responses. David H. Cropley, in Creativity in Engineering, 2015. Mumford, in Encyclopedia of Creativity (Second Edition), 2011. It is true that there are an infinite number of ways that passengers could be carried, but achieving a practical solution dictates that many of these will be rejected during the stage of convergent analysis that follows our divergent synthesis. Application of the first leads to thinking in a linear fashion, according to conventional logic. In many courses aimed at training people in divergent thinking, students are asked questions like the following: At the beginning, it may be hard to come up with even one idea. We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. The distinction between divergent and convergent thinking was first proposed by J.P. Guilford. Lateral Thinking: An Introduction. Divergent thinking is a thought process or method used to generate creative ideas by exploring many possible solutions. Whereas some match problems can be solved by a sequence of generate-evaluate cycles, others involve start states that create strong mental sets that implicitly obstruct certain transformations. Course delivery includes variables such as how long the training lasts, the amount of lecture used, the amount of practice time given to trainees, the nature of the practice exercises, the amount of feedback provided to trainees, as well as other variables related to how the instructor communicated material to trainees in order to facilitate learning the content incorporated into the course. Following divergent thinking, ideas and information are organized and structured using convergent thinking, which follows a particular set of log… You could use it in an afternoon meeting, several times in a one-week sprint, or routinely across a two month project. It is a spontaneous, fluid, non-linear mental approach based on curiosity and nonconformity. People with “steep” semantic networks are governed more by logic and linear thinking. Instead , creative thinking is the dialectical unity of divergent thinking and convergent thinking which appear alternatively in the whole creative process of human thinking . It involves breaking a topic down into its various component parts in order to gain insight about the various aspects of the topic. Be scored in terms of elaboration ( numbers of details provided along with ideas! In working memory need to keep track of successful and unsuccessful attempts to value other.... 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