Growth may also be facilitated by the absorption of soil nutrients embedded in the first layer of soil brought in by tides. Bosnia and Herzegovina Bolivia The swampy environment is a mixture of mud and water, after a long period of perturbation the swampy soil gets solidified and changes to a terrestrial environment. But a land or coastal area that has been plundered and polluted may loss its economic value [2]. Benin Grenada Invasion: this is as a result of the migration of people into coastal communities in search of new technologies that provide job opportunities. Aroloye O. Numbere (January 8th 2020). Norfolk Islands Guinea Bissau But due to increase in population size through births and emigrations the town no longer has enough space to accommodate the increasing population. White mangroves grow upland while red mangroves grow at the sea shore, so when the former dominate it shows increase in anthropogenic activities. As a result, offshore systems such as coral reefs and eel grass beds are readily degraded. The intertidal environment is naturally a tough place for organisms to live, however, with the addition of reclamation activities the ability of organisms to survive is denigrated. Login to your personal dashboard for more detailed statistics on your publications. Cuba Curaçao Burundi Decrease in water level affect intertidal level especially when areas along the shore receive no water supply and become dry. American Samoa Loss of trees leads to increased soil erosion and increased sedimentation of river. How? Land reclamation is gradually posing negative impact on man due to unplanned urbanization. This work discusses the impact of land reclamation on the environment.A hundred and twenty questionnaires were distributed among people from selected states in Nigeria. It is a system where plants and animals have advantage in reserved area. Oman Mali Rwanda Panama In a natural seedling recruitment, after a disturbance event the first set of species that settle and colonize an area are the pioneer species. Moreover, land degradation is poised to diminish land productivity, especially in dry areas. Papua New Guinea Timor-Leste Data/Software/Technology Samoa Azerbaijan Rehabilitation: we are trying to restore the original ecosystem but it cannot fully be restored because most of the species had gone extinct. Belize Tanzania Faroe Islands Reclamation can be used to revert rain-deficient (arid) areas by irrigation, the removal of pollutants (salt, alkali, etc.) Ghana Equipment/Service Supplier Land reclamation is one of the main areas of interest for the dredging industry. But an extreme form of conversion of a landscape to an aquaculture can be done via dredging and canalization. Potential environmental impact of land reclamation in the Niger Delta, Nigeria. Restoration: it is the attempt to fully restore the original ecosystem. Analytical Studies on the Impact of Land Reclamation on Groundwater Flow. During canalization, earth moving dredgers are deployed to excavate the benthic soil. Virgin Islands (British) The restoration of tidal force, edaphic factors and climatic effect will encourage natural recruitment of seedlings. Kazakhstan It also affects soil-dwelling organisms from adverse impact on water and soil quality. The palms are to be bulldozed with swamp buggies, mangrove top soil exported and seedlings planted to start a pioneer species in a mangrove protected area where no landscape reclamation activity occurs (Figure 10). Concrete bases are constructed on this platform to carry the pipes from the drilling point, which may be at an off-shore or on-shore site to the refinery. Macedonia © 2020 The Author(s). The impact of land reclamation on coastal environment and marine ecology is well recognized and widely studied. Uganda For instance, establishment of refinery in a locality leads to the reclamation of more coastal lands to harbor the cluster of people who come to seek for jobs. roads, buildings, industries and parks. Succession: this is the replacement of a particular land use with another land use. Shipping/Liner Company Greenland It occurs at on-shore or off-shore locations [3]. Similarly, reckless and indiscriminate hunting in opened forest reduces population and thus reduces species diversity, which may lead to extinction of some species. Cape Verde Fiji Historically, reclamation meant irrigation projects that brought wetlands and deserts (considered useless wastelands) into agricultural production. The scouring of the river bottom crushes and destroys a lot of organisms such as shell and non-shell fish community in that location. This could lead to the death of soil dwelling organisms. Tokelau Industries also flock around coastal areas because of the ease of transportation of goods and equipments. Ten waters (8 surface and 2 groundwater sources), 10 soil samples and air were collected and taken for analysis. Over population is a major factor that had led to the extension of cities beyond coastal limits. The result indicates that Potassium and magnesium had the highest concentration. Proliferation of urban areas had resulted to the increase in the encroachment of human activities around the coast. Senegal Changes in land form lead to changes in the biogeography of the area. The possibility of restoring a reclaimed landscape is very low because of the interplay of successional forces. PROBABLE EFFECTS OF SEA LEVEL RISE AND LAND RECLAMATION ACTIVITIES ON COASTLINES AND WETLANDS OF LAGOS NIGERIA T. E. Idowu1 and P. Home2 Pan African University- Institute for Basic Sciences Technology and Innovation, Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology Email: lois.temitope@gmail.com Abstract The yearly volumetric increase in the globe’s oceans and seas … Land degradation can also lead to loss of vegetation cover and thus make them susceptible to climatic hazards like droughts. Syria Aland Islands Togo Myanmar The presence of mangroves along the coast stabilizes and reinforces the soil against erosion. Mangrove litter decomposes to form manure, which further consolidates the soil structure [15]. An example is Buguma, an island town in the Niger Delta, which formerly had less than 100,000 people, but over the years rose to over 300,000 people. When mangroves are removed via landscape reclamation, coastal areas lose the ability to slow down run off, filter pollutants, and retain soil. Continuous mining leads to the deformation of the coast lines and the destruction of aquatic organisms, which results in extinction of species. LAND USE CHARGE LAW: The Land Use Charge (LUC) is a consolidation of all property and land based rates and charges over a land. Falkland Islands (Malvinas) Despite the negative consequences of coastal land reclamation to aquatic species, it can add some economic value if used for non-intrusive agricultural activities. Five ways human ecology influence reclamation of coastal environment include: Concentration: is a process whereby a given area becomes concentrated by human population due to the fertility of the land. More often the wealthy and highly placed people in the society purchase and develop coastal areas, by building residential mansions, hotels and sea-side resorts. A proposed mangrove protect ted area design where no exploration, exploitation or reclamation activity will occur in the Niger Delta, Nigeria. The felling of trees and the uprooting of their stumps leads to soil fragmentation. This leads to the impairment of the health of aquatic and terrestrial organisms around the reclaimed area. Our team is growing all the time, so we’re always on the lookout for smart people who want to help us reshape the world of scientific publishing. Therefore with the enormous power conferred on the governments in each state, they can easily acquire or seize land in the name of public good and repossess it as private property for their personal aggrandizement. Angola During clearing heavy machinery fell trees. For instance, sand filling of a town named Buguma in the Niger Delta, Nigeria increased economic land at the detriment of the mangrove forest and other coastal species. Zambia Cote d'Ivoire Chad The crude oil resource is mainly present in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria, which is the centripetal force on which the nation’s economy revolves [3]. This leads to the death or migration of amphibious species along the coast. As PhD students, we found it difficult to access the research we needed, so we decided to create a new Open Access publisher that levels the playing field for scientists across the world. In 2014, an area measuring 100 m × 50 m was dredged and sand filled. Sri Lanka Saint Barthelemy The marine coastal ecosystem is made up of different zones. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines *Address all correspondence to: aroloyen@yahoo.com, Landscape Reclamation - Rising From What's Left. Vanuatu The conversion of a coastal area to a terrestrial area via developmental projects is a human-mediated succession. But in the Niger Delta landscape reclamation is used to convert coastal areas to terrestrial areas. Land reclamation, usually known as reclamation, and also known as land fill (not to be confused with a waste landfill), is the process of creating new land from oceans, seas, riverbeds or lake beds. 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